SoftNAS Instance Size Guidance

SoftNAS® offers the broadest range of instance sizes and region availability on both Amazon Web Services™ and Microsoft® Azure™. It’s important to select the right instance size to configure a storage solution that is the right combination of performance and price for your use case. General guidance is provided below to help you select an instance size for your workload.

How to Select an Instance Size

  • Step 1: Select your cloud platform provider.
  • Step 2: Select a use case category that most closely describes your expected workload. Some use cases correspond to particular SoftNAS Cloud product recommendations.
  • Step 3: Review the resource properties for the chosen category to confirm they match your expected level of instance resources.
  • Step 4: Use the tables below to help you select an instance from the chosen performance category.

If unsure of your final selection, start with a larger instance size initially, deploy or simulate your production workload, then monitor and observe your results for 30 to 45 days.

  • If your actual workload peaks are less than 50% CPU and network usage, then you may be able to reduce the instance size such that the peaks do not exceed 70%.
  • If CPU or network usage reaches 75% or higher, then an increase in instance size may be appropriate.

Due to unique environments and use cases, we recommend continued monitoring of your SoftNAS instances using the SoftNAS StorageCenter™ and your cloud provider’s virtual machine metrics.

Recommended AWS Instance Sizes

AWS: Backup/Archive

When using SoftNAS for backup or archive use cases, such as Veeam backups to cloud storage, cloud storage cost is a key factor, and SoftNAS recommends using AWS S3 storage with SoftNAS Cloud Essentials. Other factors to consider when selecting your instance include:

  • Network Speed: If backing up from on-premises to the cloud, the network speed of your AWS instance should be fast enough to move the data for a backup job to the cloud to meet your backup window requirements.
  • RAM: SoftNAS uses the RAM of the AWS instance for caching. Instances with more RAM can increase the performance of your backup jobs.
  • Read Cache: SoftNAS also recommends the use of a disk Read Cache for backup jobs like Veeam backups that use features like Synthetic Full Backups. SoftNAS Cloud Essentials does not allow the creation of EBS Block storage devices (S3 Object only), so you should consider instances that have an attached ephemeral SSD device, which can be configured as a high-speed Read Cache. SoftNAS recommends a Read Cache of at least 10% the size of your standard backup job.
  • softnas aws vpc credit

Recommendations

SoftNAS EditionInstance SizeInstance SSDNetwork Speed
RAMvCPUs
SoftNAS Cloud Essentials (1TB)
i3.xlarge
950GB
Up to 10Gb
30.5GB
4
SoftNAS Cloud Essentials (10TB)
i3.2xlarge
1900GB
Up to 10Gb
61GB
8
SoftNAS Cloud Essentials (20TB)
i3.2xlarge
1900GB
Up to 10Gb
61GB
8
SoftNAS Cloud Essentials (50TB)
i3.2xlarge
1900GB
Up to 10Gb
61GB
8

Alternate Recommendations for Large Backup Jobs

SoftNAS EditionInstance SizeInstance SSDNetwork Speed
RAMvCPUs
SoftNAS Cloud Essentials (1TB)
i3.4xlarge
3800GB
Up to 10Gb
122GB
16
SoftNAS Cloud Essentials (10TB)
i3.8xlarge
7600GB
10Gb
244GB
32

AWS: File Server

When using SoftNAS as a user File Server system, you have 2 options based on the workload pattern of how the files will be accessed: SoftNAS Cloud Platinum with SoftNAS SmartTiers or SoftNAS Cloud Enterprise without storage tiering.

    • SoftNAS Cloud Platinum with SmartTiers

      If the files being accessed have both a consistent working set of hot files that are commonly accessed with a requirement for optimal performance and a cool working set of files that are infrequently accessed, using SoftNAS Cloud Platinum and the SoftNAS SmartTiers feature may help you save money and still give you the desired performance. You will need to understand what percentage of your data is hot and what percentage is cool to best leverage SmartTiers. This scenario is common for workloads such as user file storage directories where a user commonly is working with a set of Microsoft Office or similar documents for a period of time, and then they rarely access those files after some period of time.

    • SoftNAS Cloud Enterprise With NO Tiering

If the access pattern to your files cannot be divided into frequently accessed hot files and less frequently accessed cool files, you may want to allocate volumes of storage that are all of the Block or Object storage type without tiering, based on the performance requirements for the files. This scenario is common for workloads that randomly access files and tend to not keep a set of files as hot for a period of time before the files become cool and infrequently accessed from that point forward.

AWS: File Server With SoftNAS Cloud Platinum and SoftNAS SmartTiers

Recommendations

SoftNAS EditionInstance SizeNetwork Speed
RAMvCPUs
SoftNAS Cloud Platinum (1TB)
r4.xlarge
Up to 10Gb
30.5GB
4
SoftNAS Cloud Platinum (10TB)
r4.2xlarge
Up to 10Gb
61GB
8
SoftNAS Cloud Platinum (20TB)
r4.2xlarge
Up to 10Gb
61GB
8
SoftNAS Cloud Platinum (50TB)
r4.4xlarge
Up to 10Gb
122
16

Alternate Recommendations for Heavier Workloads to Accommodate Larger Caches

SoftNAS EditionInstance SizeNetwork Speed
RAMvCPUs
SoftNAS Cloud Platinum
m10.xlarge
10Gb
160GB
40
SoftNAS Cloud Platinum
r4.8xlarge
10Gb
244GB
32
SoftNAS Cloud Platinum
m4.16xlarge
20Gb
256
64
SoftNAS Cloud Platinum
r4.16xlarge
20Gb
488
64

AWS: File Server With SoftNAS Cloud Enterprise with NO Tiering

Recommendations

SoftNAS EditionInstance SizeNetwork Speed
RAMvCPUs
SoftNAS Cloud Enterprise (1TB)
m4.xlarge
1Gb
16GB
4
SoftNAS Cloud Enterprise (10TB)
m4.2xlarge
1Gb
32GB
8
SoftNAS Cloud Enterprise (20TB)
m4.2xlarge
1Gb
32GB
8
SoftNAS Cloud Enterprise (50TB)
m4.4xlarge
1Gb
64
8

Alternate Recommendations for Heavier Workloads to Accommodate Larger Caches

SoftNAS EditionInstance SizeNetwork Speed
RAMvCPUs
SoftNAS Cloud Enterprise
m10.xlarge
10Gb
160GB
40
SoftNAS Cloud Enterprise
r4.8xlarge
10Gb
244GB
32
SoftNAS Cloud Enterprise
m4.16xlarge
20Gb
256
64
SoftNAS Cloud Enterprise
r4.16xlarge
20Gb
488
64

AWS: Application Data

When using SoftNAS Cloud for Application Data access, you may want to consider larger instances if your application is driving higher IOPs. You also have two options to select based on the workload and how files are accessed:

    • SoftNAS Cloud Platinum with SmartTiers

      If your workload tends to access the same working set of files for a period of time (days to months)(hot files), you may want to consider using SoftNAS Cloud Platinum and the SoftNAS SmartTiers feature to optimize price and performance of the storage. This scenario allows you to keep hot files in better performing Block storage while keeping the cool files that are less frequently accessed in less expensive Object storage.

    • SoftNAS Cloud Enterprise with NO Tiering

If you workload tends to be more random across all of your files, you should consider using SoftNAS Cloud Enterprise with non-tiered storage. You can then select Block or Object storage for your volumes based on the performance requirements of your application.

AWS: Application Data SoftNAS Cloud Platinum and SoftNAS SmartTiers

Recommendations

SoftNAS EditionInstance SizeNetwork Speed
RAMvCPUs
SoftNAS Cloud Platinum (1TB)
r4.xlarge
Up to 10Gb
30.5GB
4
SoftNAS Cloud Platinum (10TB)
r4.2xlarge
Up to 10Gb
61GB
8
SoftNAS Cloud Platinum (20TB)
r4.2xlarge
Up to 10Gb
61GB
8
SoftNAS Cloud Platinum (50TB)
r4.4xlarge
Up to 10Gb
122
16

Alternate Recommendations for Heavier Workloads to Accommodate Larger Caches

SoftNAS EditionInstance SizeNetwork Speed
RAMvCPUs
SoftNAS Cloud Platinum
m10.xlarge
10Gb
160GB
40
SoftNAS Cloud Platinum
r4.8xlarge
10Gb
244GB
32
SoftNAS Cloud Platinum
m4.16xlarge
20Gb
256
64
SoftNAS Cloud Platinum
r4.16xlarge
20Gb
488
64

AWS: Application Data SoftNAS Cloud Enterprise with NO Tiering

Recommendations

SoftNAS EditionInstance SizeNetwork Speed
RAMvCPUs
SoftNAS Cloud Enterprise (1TB)
m4.xlarge
1Gb
16GB
4
SoftNAS Cloud Enterprise (10TB)
m4.2xlarge
1Gb
32GB
8
SoftNAS Cloud Enterprise (20TB)
m4.2xlarge
1Gb
32GB
8
SoftNAS Cloud Enterprise (50TB)
m4.4xlarge
1Gb
64
8

Alternate Recommendations for Heavier Workloads to Accommodate Larger Caches

SoftNAS EditionInstance SizeNetwork Speed
RAMvCPUs
SoftNAS Cloud Enterprise
m10.xlarge
10Gb
160GB
40
SoftNAS Cloud Enterprise
r4.8xlarge
10Gb
244GB
32
SoftNAS Cloud Enterprise
m4.16xlarge
20Gb
256
64
SoftNAS Cloud Enterprise
r4.16xlarge
20Gb
488
64

AWS: Multi-Cloud Data Flows

When using SoftNAS Cloud Platinum for multi-cloud data flows with Apache NiFi, you will want to consider instances with more RAM and CPU to handle the impact of the data flow processing on the main instance that is driving the data flow and storing the bulk of the data being aggregated at a central instance or pushing data to remote instances.

Recommendations

SoftNAS EditionInstance SizeNetwork Speed
RAMvCPUs
SoftNAS Cloud Platinum (1TB)
m4.2xlarge
1Gb
328
SoftNAS Cloud Platinum (10TB)
r4.2xlarge
Up to 10Gb
618
SoftNAS Cloud Platinum (20TB)
r4.2xlarge
Up to 10Gb
618
SoftNAS Cloud Platinum (50TB)
r4.4xlarge
Up to 10Gb
122
16

Alternate Recommendations for Heavier Workloads to Accommodate Larger Caches

SoftNAS EditionInstance SizeNetwork Speed
RAMvCPUs
SoftNAS Cloud Platinum
m10.xlarge
10Gb
160GB
40
SoftNAS Cloud Platinum
r4.8xlarge
10Gb
244GB
32
SoftNAS Cloud Platinum
m4.16xlarge
20Gb
256
64
SoftNAS Cloud Platinum
r4.16xlarge
20Gb
488
64

AWS: Veeam RAM Sizing Guide for Using SoftNAS SmartTiers

Click here to use this guide when planning your VM or instance size for use with Veeam backup software and SoftNAS SmartTiers.

Learn more about AWS instance types and EC2 instance types.

Recommended Microsoft Azure Instance Sizes

Performance CategoriesSuggested InstanceOther Considerations  
Developer EditionDS1_v2D1_v2DS1 D1
General PurposeDS12_v2DS3_v2D3_v2DS2_v2
High PerformanceDS4_v2DS13_v2D4_v2D13_v2
Extreme PerformanceDS14_v2DS15_v2DS5_v2D5_v2

Azure: Backup/Archive

When using SoftNAS for backup or archive use cases such as Veeam backups to cloud storage, cloud storage cost is a key factor and SoftNAS recommends using Azure Blob storage with SoftNAS Cloud Essentials. Other factors to consider when selecting your instance include:

  • Network Speed: If backing up from premise to the cloud, the network speed of your Azure VM should be fast enough to move the data for a backup job to the cloud to meet your backup window requirements.
  • RAM: SoftNAS uses the RAM of the AWS instance for caching. Instances with more RAM can increase the performance of your backup jobs.
  • Read Cache: SoftNAS also recommends the use of a disk Read Cache for backup jobs like Veeam backups that use features such as Synthetic Full Backups. SoftNAS Cloud Essentials does not allow the creation of EBS Block storage devices (S3 Object only), so you should consider instances that have an attached ephemeral SSD device which can be configured as a high-speed Read Cache. SoftNAS recommends a Read Cache of at least 10% the size of your standard backup job.

Recommended

SoftNAS EditionInstance SizeVM SSDNetwork Speed
RAMCores
SoftNAS Cloud Essentials (1TB)
E4s_v3642Gb
32
4
SoftNAS Cloud Essentials (10TB)
E8s_v3128
4Gb
648
SoftNAS Cloud Essentials (20TB)
E8s_v3
128
4Gb
648
SoftNAS Cloud Essentials (50TB)
E8s_v3
128
4Gb
648

Alternate Recommendations for large backup jobs

SoftNAS EditionInstance SizeVM SSDNetwork Speed
RAMCores
SoftNAS Cloud Essentials
E16s_v32568Gb
128
16
SoftNAS Cloud Essentials
D32S_v325616Gb
12832

Azure: File Server

When using SoftNAS as a user File Server system, you have 2 options based on the workload pattern of how the files will be accessed, (SoftNAS Cloud Platinum with SmartTiers or SoftNAS Cloud Enterprise without tiering).

SoftNAS Cloud Platinum with SmartTiers

If the files being accessed have a consist working set of hot files that are commonly accessed and require optimal performance and a cool working set of files that are infrequently accessed, using SoftNAS Cloud Platinum and the SmarTiers feature may help you save money and still give you optimal performance. You will need to understand what percent of your data is hot and what data is cool to fully leverage SmartTIers. This is common for workloads such as user file storage directories where a user commonly is working with a set Microsoft Office or similar documents for a period of time, and then they rarely access those file after some period of time.

SoftNAS Cloud Enterprise without tiering

If the access pattern to your files can not be divided into frequently accessed hot files and less frequently accessed cool files, you may want to allocate volumes of storage that are all of type Block or Object storage without tiering, based on the performance requirements for the files. This scenario is be common for workloads that randomly access files and tend to not keep a set of files as hot for a period of time before the files become cool and infrequently accessed from that point forward.

Azure: File Server (Platinum SmartTiers)

Recommended

SoftNAS EditionInstance SizeNetwork Speed
RAMvCPUs
SoftNAS Cloud Essentials (1TB)
DS12_V23Gb
284
SoftNAS Cloud Essentials (10TB)
DS13_V26Gb
568
SoftNAS Cloud Essentials (20TB)
DS13_V26Gb
568
SoftNAS Cloud Essentials (50TB)
DS14_V28Gb
11216
If you workload has extreme performance requirements, you may want to consider one of the below instances with high network speeds for more IOPS and RAM to accommodate larger caches.

SoftNAS EditionInstance SizeNetwork Speed
RAMvCPUs
Softnas Cloud Platinum D32s_v316Gb
128GB32
Softnas Cloud Platinum DS15_v225Gb
140GB20
Softnas Cloud Platinum D64_v330Gb
25664
Softnas Cloud Platinum E64s_v330Gb
43264

Azure: File Server (Enterprise non-tiered)

Recommended

SoftNAS EditionInstance SizeNetwork Speed
RAMvCPUs
SoftNAS Cloud Essentials (1TB)
DS3_V22Gb
164
SoftNAS Cloud Essentials (10TB)
DS12_V23Gb
284
SoftNAS Cloud Essentials (20TB)
DS13_V26Gb
568
SoftNAS Cloud Essentials (50TB)
DS5_V212Gb5616
If you workload has extreme performance requirements, you may want to consider one of the below instances with high network speeds for more IOPS and RAM to accommodate larger caches.

SoftNAS EditionInstance SizeNetwork Speed
RAMvCPUs
Softnas Cloud Platinum D32s_v316Gb
128GB32
Softnas Cloud Platinum DS15_v225Gb
140GB20
Softnas Cloud Platinum D64_v330Gb
25664
Softnas Cloud Platinum E64s_v330Gb
43264

Azure: Application Data

When using SoftNAS for Application Data access, you may want to consider larger instances if your application is driving higher IOPs. You also have 2 options to select based on the workload and how it access files, (SoftNAS Cloud Platinum with SmartTiers or SoftNAS Cloud Enterprise without tiering).

SoftNAS Cloud Platinum with SmartTiers

If your workload tends to access the same working set of files for a period of time (days to months)(hot files), you may want to consider using SoftNAS Cloud Platinum and the SmartTiers feature to optimize price and performance of the storage. This allows you to keep hot files in better performing Block storage, while keeping the cool files that are less frequently accessed in less expensive Object storage.

SoftNAS Cloud Enterprise without tiering

If you workload tends to be more random across all of your files, you should consider using SoftNAS Cloud Enterprise with non-tiered storage. You can then select Block or Object storage for your volumes based on the performance requirements of your application.

Azure: Application Data (Platinum SmartTiers)

Recommended

SoftNAS EditionInstance SizeNetwork Speed
RAMvCPUs
SoftNAS Cloud Essentials (1TB)
DS12_V23Gb
284
SoftNAS Cloud Essentials (10TB)
DS13_V26Gb
568
SoftNAS Cloud Essentials (20TB)
DS13_V26Gb
568
SoftNAS Cloud Essentials (50TB)
DS14_V28Gb11216
If you workload has extreme performance requirements, you may want to consider one of the below instances with high network speeds for more IOPS and RAM to accommodate larger caches.

SoftNAS EditionInstance SizeNetwork Speed
RAMvCPUs
Softnas Cloud Platinum D32s_v316Gb
128GB32
Softnas Cloud Platinum DS15_v225Gb
140GB20
Softnas Cloud Platinum D64_v330Gb
25664
Softnas Cloud Platinum E64s_v330Gb
43264

Azure: Application Data(Enterprise non-tiered)

Recommended

SoftNAS EditionInstance SizeNetwork Speed
RAMvCPUs
SoftNAS Cloud Essentials (1TB)
DS3_V22Gb
164
SoftNAS Cloud Essentials (10TB)
DS12_V23Gb
284
SoftNAS Cloud Essentials (20TB)
DS13_V26Gb
568
SoftNAS Cloud Essentials (50TB)
DS5_V212Gb5616
If you workload has extreme performance requirements, you may want to consider one of the below instances with high network speeds for more IOPS and RAM to accommodate larger caches.

SoftNAS EditionInstance SizeNetwork Speed
RAMvCPUs
Softnas Cloud EnterpriseD32s_v316Gb
128GB32
Softnas Cloud EnterpriseDS15_v225Gb
140GB20
Softnas Cloud EnterpriseD64_v330Gb
25664
Softnas Cloud EnterpriseE64s_v330Gb
43264

Azure: Multi-Cloud Data Flows

When using SoftNAS Cloud Platinum for multi-cloud data flows with NiFi, you will want to consider instances with more RAM and CPU to handle the impact of the data flow processing on the main instance that is driving the data flow and storing the bulk of the data being aggregated at a central instance or pushing data to remote instances.

Recommended

SoftNAS EditionInstance SizeNetwork Speed
RAMvCPUs
SoftNAS Cloud Essentials (1TB)
DS12_V23Gb
284
SoftNAS Cloud Essentials (10TB)
DS13_V26Gb
568
SoftNAS Cloud Essentials (20TB)
DS5_V212Gb5616
SoftNAS Cloud Essentials (50TB)
DS14_V212Gb11216
If you workload has extreme performance requirements, you may want to consider one of the below instances with high network speeds for more IOPS/data transfer and RAM to accommodate larger caches.

SoftNAS EditionInstance SizeNetwork Speed
RAMvCPUs
Softnas Cloud Platinum D32s_v316Gb
128GB32
Softnas Cloud Platinum DS15_v225Gb
140GB20
Softnas Cloud Platinum D64_v330Gb
25664
Softnas Cloud Platinum E64s_v330Gb
43264

Azure: Veeam RAM Sizing Guide for Using SoftNAS SmartTiers

Click here to use this guide when planning your VM or instance size for use with Veeam backup software and SoftNAS SmartTiers.

Learn more about Azure VMs.

¹ The Suggested Instance is the default choice recommended for each Performance Category.

² Other listed instances may be appropriate choices based on the amount of RAM, CPU resources, Local vs. Network Attached disks and pricing considerations.

 

 

 

 

 

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